Bajado


 

Bajado, Oil on Wood

Untitled, Bajado (1912 – 1996), oil on wood

Euclides Francisco Amancio, better known as Bajado, was a Brazilian artist from Pernambuco State, born in 1912. From early childhood, Bajado showed his talent for drawing. The inspiration for his creations came from the cinema, one of his greatest passions. At the time Bajado had no money to buy the entrance to the cinema and the solution was selling sweet, bread and cookies made by his mother and grandmother. After leaving the screening room, the boy used to grab some paper and draw a comic book illustrating the story he had just seen.

Still young Bajado left and moved to Catende, a bigger village where he remained until 1930 working as an assistant and movie posters painter. Four years later he moves to Olinda, where he continued painting posters for cinema and working as a machine operator at Cine Olinda Theater, a position he held until 1950.

In 1956 Bajado began a professional artistic career, performing paintings on wood panels and murals for the decoration of Olinda Carnival. Bajado portrayed the great carnival clubs in the Historic Town as well as Pitombeira, Elephant Man Midnight, Brushes, and frevo dance in Ribeira, Largo do Amparo, Varadouro and Carmo Square.

In 1964, along with some work friends, he launched the Art Movement of Ribeira, in Olinda, where they began to exhibit their work. During his artistic life, Bajado painted numerous art pieces about the everyday life, suffering, emotions and Pop Culture of Pernambuco State. Flowed in his primitive art, with the simplicity of a humble man, he was completely taken by the Art Movement of Ribeira and the power of its influence on Contemporary Art in Pernambuco State. His artistic trend was freedom of aesthetics and Brazilian free expression, commonly claimed in Art at that time.

In Brazil Bajado exhibited in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Brasília, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Porto Alegre and Vitória. He was presented internationally in solo and group shows in France, Italy, Spain, Holland and the Czech Republic. In 1994, Bajado was honored with an international solo show at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France.

Today his works belong to Museums, private important collections and art galleries in Brazil and abroad and tell us part of the history of Primitive Brazilian Art and its very important contribution on the formation of Brazilian Contemporary Art identity, during the XXth Century.